23 Where to cite

Where do I need to cite? 

Where to cite

Generally, you need to cite in TWO places:


  • In your writing where you
    • Quote
    • Paraphrase
    • Summarize
    • Use or refer to specific audiovisual representations (data, images, tables, figures, video clips, podcasts, performances, etc.)
  • In a list of sources at the end of your paper, called
    • References (APA)
    • Works Cited (MLA)
    • Bibliography (Chicago)


If you list a source only in the list of sources, it is a form of plagiarism. 


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