For reference list entries, you will always need to give the full citation information. The basic elements for books in print consist of:
- Title and (if available) subtitle
- Publishing information
You usually find this information on the title page of the book and the back of the title page.
Note that in our example the subtitle on the book cover says “Teens talk about suicide” while the subtitle on the title page is ”Teens and suicide”. Always go by the information on the title page.
Each style has its own rules about arranging this information, about capitalization, punctuation, abbreviations and so on. For APA Style, use the following template:
APA Basic Book Template
Author last name, Initials. (Year). Title: Subtitle. Publisher.
Reference List Entry for the Book
Crook, M. (2003). Out of the darkness: Teens and suicide. Arsenal Pulp Press.
To see an example of an in-text quote from this book, click below:
Note: these are the basic elements for a reference entry for a book, but sometimes there will be additional information you need to add, such as editors or edition information, or some elements, such as an author, may not be available. Ask the Writing Center for help with citations!