Table Of Contents

Sarah Wangler and Tina Ulrich

  • 88 Open Essays – A Reader for Students of Composition & Rhetoric
  • Original Introduction
  • Acknowledgments
  • Message to Instructors
  • Message to Students
  • Introduction to this Edition
  • 1: The Danger of a Single Story (Adichie)
  • 2: The Story We Tell about Millennials — and Who We Leave Out (Allen)
  • 3: How the New “Aladdin” Stacks Up Against a Century of Hollywood Stereotyping (Alsultany)
  • 4: Mushrooms: “Nature’s Greatest Decomposers” (Anderson)
  • 5: Six Short Essays (Anderson)
  • 6: Tools and Tasks (Anonymous)
  • 7: Jamaica Leads in Richard Branson-Backed Plan for a Caribbean Climate Revolution (Ashtine & Rogers)
  • 8: In Review: Raising Eyebrows (Bamburg)
  • 9: Is Burning Trash a Good Way to Handle It? Waste Incineration in 5 Charts (Baptista)
  • 10: How to Save the Middle Class When Jobs Don’t Pay (Barnes)
  • 11: The Emotional Lives of Animals (Bekoff)
  • 12: Must the President Be a Moral Leader? (Blake)
  • 13: The Plot to Privatize Common Knowledge (Bollier)
  • 14: Shadows of the Bat: Constructions of Good and Evil in the Batman Movies of Tim Burton and Christopher Nolan (Born)
  • 15: Public Beats Private: Six Reasons Why (Buchheit)
  • 16: Misinformation and Biases Infect Social Media, Both Intentionally and Accidentally (Ciampaglia and Filippo Menczer)
  • 17: Habits and Virtues: Does It Matter if a Leader Kicks a Dog? (Ciulla)
  • 18: Seed Libraries Fight for the Right to Share (Cook)
  • 19: The Defense Department Is Worried about Climate Change – and Also a Huge Carbon Emitter (Crawford)
  • 20: Male Teachers Are Most Likely to Rate Highly in University Student Feedback (Crossley, Johnston, and Fan)
  • 21: Despite Public Pledges, Leading Scientific Journals Still Allow Statistical Misconduct and Refuse to Correct It (Doctorow)
  • 22: Writing in the Age of Distraction (Doctorow)
  • 23: No Food, No Water, No Sleep: Is Brazil Torturing Student Protesters? (Paula)
  • 24: Measles: Why It’s So Deadly, and Why Vaccination Is So Vital (Duprex)
  • 25: Hope and Mourning in the Anthropocene: Understanding Ecological Grief (Ellis & Cunsolo)
  • 26: Hydropower Dams Can Harm Coastal Areas Far Downstream (Ezcurra & Aburto)
  • 27: Everything You Need to Know About the Radical Roots of Wonder Woman (Finke)
  • 28: Why Sex Gets Better in Older Age (Forbes, Eaton, and Krueger)
  • 29: Are Batman and Superman the Barometer of Our Times? A Review of ‘Superheroes in Crisis’ (Franco)
  • 30: No, You Don’t Need to Go to Holiday Parties If You Feel Lonely (Gajwani)
  • 31: To Seek Common Ground on Life’s Big Questions, We Need Science Literacy (Garlick)
  • 32: How I Celebrate Life on the Day of the Dead (González)
  • 33: Do Interest-Free Loans Make Sense? No, But They Do Make a Difference (Green)
  • 34: “We Are Still Here”: Native Americans Win a Voice in Government (Hansen & Keeler)
  • 35: Cheaper Versions of the Most Expensive Drugs May Be Coming, but Monopolies Will Likely Remain (Heled)
  • 36: Getting a Scientific Message Across Means Taking Human Nature into Account (Hendricks)
  • 37: Jessie Simmons: How a Schoolteacher Became an Unsung Hero of the Civil Rights Movement (Hill-Jackson)
  • 38: Why Rituals Are Good for Your Health (Honarvar)
  • 39: The Dirt on Soil Loss from the Midwest Floods (Ippolito & Al-Kaisi)
  • 40: Who Are the 1 in 4 American Women Who Choose Abortion? (Ireland)
  • 41: The Politics of Fear: How It Manipulates Us to Tribalism (Javanbakht)
  • 42: To Feel Happier, We Have to Resolve to the Life We Evolved to Live (Javanbakht)
  • 43: 48 Hours as a Muslim American: A Professor Reflects (Khalil)
  • 44: So, What Really Is Jihad? (Khalil)
  • 45: Mapping the US Counties where Traffic Air Pollution Hurts Children the Most (Khreis)
  • 46: Why Native Americans Do Not Separate Religion from Science (LaPier)
  • 47: Juneteenth – Freedom’s Promise Is Still Denied to Thousands of Blacks Unable to Make Bail (Larson)
  • 48: Guardians of the Galaxy and the Fall of the Classic Hero (Lewis)
  • 49: Wastewater Is an Asset – It Contains Nutrients, Energy and Precious Metals, and Scientists Are Learning How to Recover Them (Li)
  • 50: Memorial Day (Lively)
  • 51: Does Recycling Actually Conserve or Preserve Things? (MacBride)
  • 52: Concerning the Way in Which Princes Should Keep Faith – The Prince, Chapter 18 (Machiavelli)
  • 53: The 1995 Anime “Ghost in the Shell” Is More Relevant than Ever in Today’s Technologically Complex Society (Maynard)
  • 54: What the Ban on Gene-Edited Babies Means for Family Planning (Menke)
  • 55: There Is More than One Religious View on Abortion – Here’s What Jewish Texts Say (Mikva)
  • 56: Why Women From Asia Are Confronting U.S. Fracking: Oil Extraction Equals Plastic Production (Morrison)
  • 57: How to Increase Your Chances of Sticking with Your Resolutions (Nonterah)
  • 58: Minorities Face More Obstacles to a Lifesaving Organ Transplant (Nonterah)
  • 59: The Blue (Oomen)
  • 60: How Rural Areas Like Florida’s Panhandle Can Become More Hurricane-Ready (Ozguven)
  • 61: Cold, Hard Harvest: Making the Case for Frozen Produce (Pandolfi)
  • 62: I Studied Buttons for 7 Years and Learned These 5 Lessons about How and Why People Push Them (Plotnick)
  • 63: California Knew the Carr Wildfire Could Happen. It Failed to Prevent it. (Schneider)
  • 64: Ending the Secrecy of the Student Debt Crisis (Schorin)
  • 65: Ending the Secrecy of the Student Debt Crisis (Senderowicz)
  • 66: Education in the (Dis)Information Age (Shaffer)
  • 67: What the US Could Learn about Vaccination from Nigeria (Shankar)
  • 68: Book Review – The End of Ownership (Sheehan)
  • 69: A Syrian Asks Herself: Am I Capable of Killing? (Shehwaro)
  • 70: Visiting First Place School: Reflections on Other-Centric Education, Private Education, & Identity (Shepard)
  • 71: A Feminist’s Guide to Rom-Coms and How to Watch Them (Sutriasa)
  • 72: Fix the Machine, Not the Person (Swartz)
  • 73: Catwoman’s Hyde: A Comparative Reading of the 2002 Catwoman Relaunch and Stevenson’s Novella (Syn)
  • 74: How a Green New Deal Could Exploit Developing Countries (Táíwò)
  • 75: Capturing Carbon to Fight Climate Change is Dividing Environmentalists (Táíwò and Buck)
  • 76: Time Wasn’t Always Money: Decolonizing Time in Diaspora (Villaseñor)
  • 77: Why Good People Turn Bad Online (Vince)
  • 78: Taking the Native American Narrative Beyond Reservations (Vizcarra)
  • 79: Which Future Would You Choose? (Walljaspar & Klein)
  • 80: America’s Walking Renaissance (Walljasper)
  • 81: Austin, Indiana: The HIV Capital of Small-Town America (Wapner)
  • 82: On Reparations, the Question Isn’t If, but When and How (Warfield)
  • 83: You’re Not Going to Get Accepted into a Top University on Merit Alone (Warikoo)
  • 84: Chicago’s Urban Prep Academy – Known for 100% College Acceptance Rates – Put Reputation Ahead of Results (Warren)
  • 85: Recent Attempts at Reparations Show that World War II Is Not Over (Webster)
  • 86: The Black Muslim Female Fashion Trailblazers Who Came before Model Halima Aden (Wheeler)
  • 87: For a Flooded Midwest, Climate Forecasts Offer Little Comfort (Wu)
  • 88: Think You Love Your Valentine? What’s Beneath the Surface May Be More Complicated (Zayas & Shoda)
  • Index

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Table Of Contents by Sarah Wangler and Tina Ulrich is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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